Raphael Loggia, The Hermitage Museum
Wedding party of Olga Alexandrovna and Nikolai Kulikovsky.
I was very fond of all my brother’s children but perhaps most of the eldest, Olga. The two of us were soul mates. She resembled me in character, and that was perhaps why we understood each other so well. It often happened that I was able to tell her how she was thinking in one or the other specific situation, and that always took her by surprise. “How do you know that?” she would ask with blushing cheeks.
Olga Alexandrovna on her niece, Olga Nikolaevna
Wonder where everyone gets the idea that Olga A. was most fond of Anastasia…
Thought Anastasia was her favorite! I wonder where everyone got that too.
Maria Feodorovna, Tsarina of all the Russias.
Born Princess Dagmar of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, later Princess of Denmark. (26 November 1847 – 13 October 1928)
Secret Lives of the Romanovs Part One: Catherine the Great’s many lovers
1. First known lover of Catherine was Sergei Vasilievich Saltykov (1726-1765), who was the Empress’s lover from 1752 to 1754. Saltykov, who was the only one of Catherine’s lovers who was older than her, is widely recognised as the real father of Paul I. Immediately after the birth of the future tsar, Saltykov was sent to Sweden as the ambassador, never to return to Russia.
2. Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1732 - 1798) was the lover of Catherine from 1756 to 1758. Poniatowski and Catherine had a daughter in 1759 who died the same year. Catherine, who made Poniatowski king of Poland, deprived her former lover of his throne in 1795 and divided Poland between Austria, Prussia and Russia.
3. Grigoriy Orlov (1734 – 1783) was the favorite of the Empress from 1762 and to 1772. He and his brothers took an active part in the coup d’etat of 1762, the same year as Catherine gave birth to his son, Count Alexey Bobrinskii. Orlov went crazy after the death of his young wife, and finally died in 1783.
4. The fourth known lover of Catherine was Alexey Semenovich Vasilchikov (1746 – 1813), who was her lover and favorite from 1772 to 1774. He was the first of Catherine’s lovers with whom she had a significant age difference, as he was 14 years younger than her.
5. His Serene Highness Prince Grigoriy Potemkin-Tavrichesky (1739 – 1791) was the lover of Catherine form 1774 to 1776, and her morganatic spouse since 1775. Potemkin and Catherine had a daughter, Elizabeth Grigoriyenva Potemkina. Potemkin was not only the favorite of Catherine, but also her actual consort. He remained an influential political figure until his death, and ”supplied” Catherine with new favorites from 1777 to 1789.
6. Peter Zavadovsky (1739 – 1812). Zavadovsky was the official favorite of the Empress from 1776 to 1777. In 1802, he became the first Minister of Education in the government of Alexander I.
7. Semyon Gavrilovich Zorich (1745 – 1799), a hussar of Serbian origin, was the lover of Catherine around 1777-1778. He was an adjutant of Potemkin.
8. Ivan Rimsky-Korsakov (1754 – 1831) was the lover of Catherine from 1778 to 1779. Was an adjutant to Catherine for 25 years.
9. Vasily Levashev (1740 – 1804). A Major of the Semenovsky Regiment. Was the lover of Catherine in October 1779.
10. Alexander D. Lansky (1758 – 1784) was another of Potemkin’s adjutants. He was the official favortie of Catherine from 1780 to his death in 1784. He had been born with a weak health, and died at age 26 of Angina Pectoris and fever. The death of the Empress’ young lover came as a shock to her, as he was 29 years younger than her.
11. Alexander Yermolov (1754 – 1834). Yet another adjutant of Potemkin. He was the lover of Catherne from 1785 to 1786, and would later be named a hero in the was of 1812.
12. Alexander Dimitriev-Mamonov (1758 – 1803) was the lover of Catherine from 1786 – 1789. He was also 29 years younger than the Empress.
13. Platon Zubov (1767 – 1822) was the last known lover and favorite of the Empress, from 1789 until her death on November 6th, 1796. Of all the lovers, Zubov was the younger, as he was 38 years younger than her. He took part in murdering Emperor Paul I on March 11, 1801, as revenge after Zubov and his relatives had been removed from court after the new Emperor’s accession to the throne. Zubov’s fatally shot Paul in the temple. He was a brother of Nicholas Zubov.